Half-time: Brentford 0 Derby 1

first_imgChampionship front-runners Derby controlled the first half at Griffin Park and took a deserved lead through Chris Martin.The goal came on 27 minutes as left-back Craig Forsyth clipped in a low cross for the sliding Martin to guide into the far corner.Steve McClaren’s side were lively from the off, with Simon Dawkins firing into the side netting from a tight angle early on, but the Bees defence largely kept them arm’s length.Brentford mainly played on the break in the first half, with Jota looking their liveliest player.Andre Gray twice got into good positions but his final pass let him down, while Jon Toral floated a shot high and wide of the far post.Brentford began playing their usual 4-1-4-1 but switched to 4-2-3-1 before the goal in an attempt to shore up their midfield.They are without Alan McCormack, who is sidelined for three months following ankle surgery. Moses Odubajo is deputising at right-back, while Toral pipped Alex Pritchard to a starting place. Sam Saunders is in a matchday squad for the first time since January. Brentford (4-1-4-1): Button, Odubajo, Dean, Craig, Bidwell; Douglas; Jota, Diagouraga, Toral, Judge, Jota; Gray. Subs: Bonham, Saunders, Dallas, Pritchard, Smith, Tarkowski, Proschwitz.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Lizard Hair and Other Fables

first_imgIn some science reports, it’s hard to tell where the data stops and the speculation begins.  In any case, evolutionary theory usually arrives in time to take credit for whatever happened in the unobservable past (cf. 08/24/2007).Bad hair joke:  Live Science wants you to blame your bad hair days on lizards.  Why?  Because according to Jeanna Brynner, the origin of bad hair was “discovered” in our evolution from reptiles: “hair has its origins in stuff that used to make just claws.”  A frustrated female having a bad hair day adorns the article.    A scientist at the Medical University of Vienna claims that he found genes for keratin in reptiles and birds.  Hair is also made of keratin.  “Our results suggest these components, the hair keratins, had an original role in the claws,” said Leopold Eckhart.  “We think this common ancestor of reptiles and mammals formed claws, and these claws were made of these keratins, which only later in mammals acquired an additional role in forming hair.”  Why human claws (fingernails) are not forming hair was not explained, or why a protein with multiple functions demonstrates evolution.  National Geographic News joined the act by saying, “Lizards, Birds Have Hair Genes.”  Its reporter, James Owen, confused cause and effect by claiming that hair was “one of the main evolutionary innovations that led to the rise of mammals.”  The first mammals already had hair, and no lizard with hair has been discovered except in imagination: “The very first whiskery hairs may even have sprouted on reptiles, Eckhart said, ‘However, I don’t think it very likely,’ he added,” maybe because the thought of a whiskered lizard next to a portrait of Charles Darwin might be too much.  In a more restrained moment, he said, “Actually, it may be more appropriate to call these proteins claw keratins, which later acquired an additional role in hair.”  Indeed, the abstract in PNAS suggested that “the evolution of mammalian hair involved the co-option of pre-existing structural proteins.”  Whether or not reptiles ever had “bad claw days,” the headline writers got their catch-lines anyway.Nonleaping lizards:  Speaking of reptiles, Science Daily spoke of “blisteringly fast” evolution in legless lizards.  Small skink lizards have rudimentary legs but mostly slither around in habitats where legs don’t help.  “It is believed that skinks are loosing [sic] their limbs because they spend most of their lives swimming through sand or soil,” said Adam Skinner of the University of Adelaide; “limbs are not only unnecessary for this, but may actually be a hindrance.”  Evolution was brought in for explanations: Skinner told the reporters that “evolution of a snake-like body form has occurred not only repeatedly but also very rapidly and without any evidence of reversals.”  He estimated complete limb loss in just 3.6 million years.  These “extensive changes in body shape over geologically brief periods” struck Science Daily as “blisteringly fast” even though it is not clear if loss of a functional part should be considered evolution in the Darwinian sense of innovations arising from a common ancestor.Dance of the veils:  Scientists in Flanders have been busy “raising the veil on evolution” by showing that a lab plant could be converted from an annual to a perennial.  Science Daily shared a press release from the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology where they deactivated two genes in Arabidopsis, a favorite lab annual, and got it to grow like a perennial, complete with secondary growth and wood formation.  These “late bloomers” show that only two genes separate annual growth habits from those of perennials, which the article said have “more evolved life strategies for surviving in poor conditions.”  Evolution got more credit at the end of the article: “Researchers have been fascinated for a long time by the evolution of herbaceous to woody structures,” it concluded.  “….This has probably been going on throughout the evolution of plants.  Furthermore it is not inconceivable this happened independently on multiple occasions.”Tentacles of evolution:  Scientists think they have found the common ancestor of all octopus species.  A simple-looking thing with eight tentacles adorns a BBC News report that starts, “Many of the world’s deep-sea octopuses evolved from a common ancestor that still exists in the icy waters of the Southern Ocean.”  This shows that the founders of the English language do not feel it necessary to latinize the plural into “octopi.”    Why did octopuses evolve?  The tale is told: “Researchers suggest that the creatures evolved after being driven to other ocean basins 30 million years ago by nutrient-rich and salty currents.”  But can salt water really produce the specialized organs and behaviors of the octopus from a pre-octopus, whatever it was?  Don D’or of the Census of Marine Life project apparently thinks so.  He came up with an idea that the fresh-water contact with salt water created a “thermohaline expressway” that brought oxygen into the depths and allowed octopuses to evolve.  Jan Strugnell of the British Antarctic Survey looked at the deep-sea octopus and living species and “has been able to trace the timeline for their distribution back 30 million years to a common ancestor.”  More findings from the Census of Marine Life project were reported by Science Daily.In none of these stories did the researchers explain how evolution produced the changes.  In each case, the data were submitted to an explanatory device, called evolution, to produce a speculation on how the currently-observed phenomena came to be.  This can be seen by the frequent reference to the power of suggestion: “Researchers suggest”… “Our results suggest”… followed by an evolution story.  No one ever seems to “suggest” that another interpretation might account for the same data just as well, if not better, than a time-and-chance explanation.  Often, the time-and-chance aspect of evolution is hidden in suggestions that the animals chose their own course of evolutionary progress: mammals co-opted reptilian keratin to make hair; octopuses evolved after being driven to distant ocean basins.    Whether excusable rhetorical devices or not, such notions run contrary to the core principles of Darwinian evolution.  Darwin’s thesis did away with teleology.  He wrote On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection, not The Purpose-Driven Life.There’s a message in the alternating entries about Darwinian storytelling and real discovery science.  Can you see it?  Read the next two entries.  If you find it, you will see it throughout eight years of reporting evolutionary antics in Creation-Evolution Headlines.  Not that it started eight years ago: it started in 1849 – and even before – whenever seekers of knowledge, tricked by Vain-Confidence, decided to take the shortcut through By-path Meadow.  So begins the woeful tale of Pilgrim’s Regress.(Visited 44 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Bafana ready for African Nations Champs

first_img6 January 2014Coach Gordon Igesund has declared himself happy with his players after two gruelling training sessions in Cape Town over the weekend. Bafana Bafana are preparing for the African Nations Championship, which South Africa will host from 11 January to 1 February.The competition features national teams made up of players who ply their trade in their home countries only.‘Important’Speaking to Daniel Mothowagae of City Press, Igesund said: “After beating Spain, we should carry on with the habit of winning and [the African Nations Championship] is a type of tournament where it is important for the team to do well.“The challenge is to get Bafana going to a point that we get into the top eight in Africa, so that we can be seeded when the draw for big tournaments is made.”Igesund is a little behind in his preparations for the event after a mini training camp, from 27 to 30 December, had to be called off due to the reluctance of clubs to release their players, but that has now been resolved, even though the competition falls outside of Fifa’s competition window.‘A great feeling’Mamelodi Sundowns ‘ midfielder Hlompho Kekana, speaking at the training camp, said he was looking forward to the event, and expressed his confidence in Bafana Bafana. “It is always a great feeling to represent your country and I am happy to be here.” He said. “If you look at the players, you can see they want do to well for South Africa.“It is a big tournament for us local-based players and we want to show everyone what we are capable of doing. We intend to do well, very well and we are really looking forward to the start of the tournament.“There is a lot of confidence in the team and the mood is high. As hosts we are expected to go all the way and that is our focus,” he concluded.With the South African national team now in camp, six of the 16 teams have now arrived for the African Nations Championship. The winners of the first African Nations Championship in 2009, the DR Congo, are already in the country, along with Gabon, Libya, Mali and Mauritania.Group ABafana Bafana are in Group A with Mali, Mozambique and Nigeria. They kick off the tournament on 11 January at 18:00 when they face Mozambique at the Cape Town Stadium.Tunisia is the defending champion. They defeated Angola 3-0 in the final of the 2011 African Nations Championship in Sudan.last_img read more

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Reminders about dicamba

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension herbicide specialistThis is the time of year when we received our first call about dicamba problems in soybeans in 2017. We can probably expect any problems to become evident soon, based on the timing of postemergence applications and timeline for development of symptoms.Off-target issues have already developed in states farther west and south, and we would expect at least some to occur here, unless we’re really lucky. The symptoms of dicamba injury show in new soybean growth within approximately 7 to 21 days after exposure, and most of our soybeans receive postemergence applications from early June on.It’s been a challenging year to properly steward postemergence applications. We still face some challenges in finding appropriate weather to catch weeds before they become too large, and before soybeans are too advanced in growth stage. There are a number of weather, application and adjacent crop factors to consider when applying dicamba, and applicators should review labels as frequently as needed to ensure legal application.We have two requests relative to reporting of off-target dicamba issues. First, we ask that if at all possible, they be reported to the Ohio Department of Agriculture. It is important for ODA to have a record of these, in order to be able to make sound decisions on mitigating risk from dicamba as we move forward, or decide that no additional mitigation is necessary. Reporting to ODA allows them to be able to investigate the cause of off-target issues, and develop first-hand knowledge that can aid in making these decisions.As we ask this, know that we are fully aware of the reasons why off-target injury issues are not reported to ODA. The companies involved are once again at least talking a good game about investigating dicamba issues that are reported to them, and we would certainly encourage reporting any incidents to them also.Experience in 2017 would indicate that for at least one company, on-site investigations occurred only if reported by the party who purchased and applied the dicamba product. Reporting only by the affected party did not warrant the same level of investigation. Maybe this has changed.The second request concerns how OSU Extension staff and clientele communicate anything pertaining to off-target dicamba problems to OSU Weed Science, including Mark Loux. Due to litigation on dicamba occurring somewhere besides Ohio, OSU has been subject to an open records request asking us to provide files we have related to our experience with dicamba — off-target investigations, research, etc. This is the first time in my career this has occurred. In addition to the time we will have to put in to deal with this, there’s just the general hassle of it all.There is also another aspect to this as well — we cannot necessarily protect the confidentiality of anyone sending emails to us. My specific request is this: from this point on please do not send anything in written or electronic form to us about dicamba, including emails, photos, etc. Should you need to contact us about a dicamba issue, please feel free to call. We still want to provide information and service on this issue, and are certainly not trying to shut off communication. Moving forward, we are just trying to avoid maintaining any type of records that could be asked for in this type of request — fun times to be an Extension weed specialist.last_img read more

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Feds Want Apple To Open Up iOS To Rival E-Book Sales

first_imgFollowing its victory over Apple in a major e-book antitrust case, the Justice Department has asked a federal judge to force the tech company to allow links to rival e-book prices and storefronts in, say, Amazon or Barnes & Noble iOS apps. Apple currently forbids such links, which could let users click away to make purchases that wouldn’t return a cut to the iPhone maker.(See also: Judge: Apple Conspired To Fix Prices Of E-Books)Apple called the federal request a “draconian and punitive intrusion into Apple’s business.” If approved, the requirement would stand for two years. Tags:#Antitrust#Apple#ebooks Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement readwrite Related Posts center_img Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

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